These stockings are commonly referred to as T.E.D. hose, which is a registered brand name, although numerous others brands exist. They are used to support the venous and lymphatic drainage of the leg.
Like gradient compression stockings, anti-embolism stockings deliver a distributed amount of compression at the ankle and up the leg. This compression, when combined with the muscle pump effect of the calf, aids in circulating blood and lymph fluid through the legs (in non-ambulatory patients).
Compression wear has also been adopted by the sports science industry. Various garments have been developed to improve the efficiency of muscles by stabilising muscles and improving circulation/ lactic acid removal. Today, compression stockings are available in a wide range of opacities, colors, styles and sizes, making them virtually indistinguishable from regular hosiery or socks.
Compression stockings are constructed using elastic fibers or rubber. These fibers help compress the limb, aiding in circulation.
Compression stockings are offered in different levels of compression. The unit of measure used to classify the pressure of the stockings is mmHg. They are often sold in one of the following pressure ranges:
Support – over-the-counter
- 10-15 mmHg
- 15-20 mmHg
With the advice or prescription of a physician or medical professional and proper sizing from a trained fitter:
- 20-30 mmHg
- 30-40 mmHg
- 40-50 mmHg
- 50+ mmHg
Compression levels used by some manufacturers for custom made, flat knitted products in the US and Europe:
- 18-21 mmHg
- 23-32 mmHg
- 34-46 mmHg
- >50 mmHg
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orthotics in Toronto